Hernia – Everything you need to know about
A hernia may be identified as a small bulge in the abdomen or the groin region. The majority of them are non-injurious and painless. However there are some who may experience localized symptoms, and therefore need treatment.
The muscular wall holds abdominal organs in place. Insufficiency in the wall can result in organs bulging and causing an abdominal hernia. The herniated body protrudes from the abdomen and can be pulled in the abdominal space by the aid of a small amount of pressure, or it can disappear completely after a patient is lying down. However, any type of actions like sneezing or coughing, lifting weights, or any other activity that increases abdominal pressure could cause it reappeared.
There are different kinds of hernias that affect different age groups , and can develop in conjunction with various types of health issues. There is no specific reason for all kinds of hernias, with the exception of incisional hernia. The likelihood of developing hernias increases as muscles lose strength and tone, and also become less flexible. Men are much more likely have hernias as compared to females. Children can develop hernias that could be present at the time of birth (congenital) or it could result from weakness in abdominal muscles. Femoral hernias are more often seen in the area where the bulge can be visible just below the groin.
Inguinal hernias are more frequent in males with the protrusion that is seen in the groin that could extend into the scrotum. It is more frequent for older men who smoke regularly, those who have a history of previous inguinal hernia, people with a positive relatives with a history of hernia and those who lift excess weights, and those who are overweight.
A different type of hernia, known as hiatus hernia develops as the stomach expands in the chest via an opening in the diaphragm.
The umbilical hernia is seen most often in infants. Children born prematurely or with insufficient weight at birth are most likely to suffer from an umbilical hernias. Females who are in the process of having multiple births and are overweight are also at a greater chance of developing an umbilical hernia.
Patients who have had an abdominal procedure in the past could have organs or tissues protruding from the area of incision.
Conditions or activities that could increase the pressure in the abdomen over a long period of time may increase the risk of developing hernia. Consistent cough, regular constipation, prostate that is enlarged, cystic fibrosis and lifting heavy weight or weight, overweight, peritoneal dialysis and excessive straining to urinate or stool may result in a hernia in the long run.
Patients may experience an aching sensation, a small amount of discomfort and swelling after straining, after prolonged standingor lifting the weight of a heavy object. These symptoms can be bothersome for some patients, and they may decide to see the best Hernia doctor in Kolkata in order to find lasting relief from the symptoms.
Medical attention should be sought out in the case the patient has an internal hernia, which manifests sudden signs of enlargement and pain, nausea, vomiting and severe pain. If it is not symptomatic just waiting and watching may be the best solution.
The kind of surgery needed is usually determined by the location and the size of the herniated mass. The two procedures that are most frequently performed are open surgery and laparoscopic procedure.
Certain lifestyle modifications may be recommended in certain types of hernias. For instance, in cases of hiatus hernia, your Hernia Specialist may suggest not to lay down immediately after eating and avoid the consumption of alcohol and spicy foods.